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THE GUIDING LINE – WCO STANDARDS

THE GUIDING LINE – WCO STANDARDS
p1_wco_siteThe professional holiday of world Customs community was established by World Customs Organization, Headquarters of which is situated in Brussels. Let’s remind that WCO has been working since 1953 and unites more than 170 member countries. Under its auspices Customs Services all over the world co-operate in order to establish single approaches to work and predictable, efficient and rapid methods for Customs and business, involved into global trade.

 

Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade was accepted by WCO in 2005 and was considered in the process of formation of The Program of development of Customs bodies of Transdnistrian Republic on 2006-2008. In accordance with this instrument, confirmed by the President of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic, the following tasks were set before Customs bodies of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic:
  • enhancing the effectiveness of practicable use of customs procedures throughout the territory of Transdnistrian Republic;
  • all possible development of global trade;
  • implementation of new mechanisms of customs regulations, combining trade encouragement measures and safety measures.
c-2-tppThis Program was successfully accomplished last year, at present the concept of development of Customs bodies of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic on 2009-2011 is creating. One of the main vectors of the new Program are the principles of Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade, which are still the basic ones for all global Customs Services , ensuring the safety of trade deliveries, protection of society against counterfeit, promoting international trade and enhancing the effectiveness and predictability of customs procedures on national borders.
These standards facilitate and hasten the process of clearance of goods, help to detect the violations of customs law, to fight effectively against corruption. They are of high importance not only for Customs, but, above all, for business representatives, national economies, because it is the matter of the new rules of foreign commerce. Principles of the WCO Framework of Standards were taken as a basis of the new customs control strategy, which is being created by experts of The State Customs Committee of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic during the last four years. The experts of the analytical department of The State Customs Committee are working seriously on the risk profiles formation with the assistance of their colleagues from the department of the organization of the customs control of The State Customs Committee of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic.
Let’s remind that risk management is the core principle of modern techniques of customs control, which allows using optimally the Customs resources without compromising the effectiveness of customs control and provides the avoidance of unnecessary bureaucratic control for most of the participants in international trade. Risk management based procedures allow controlling the production of clearance in high-risk points, providing the smooth flow for the most part of goods and people across the customs border.
s-2-otoThe index of the high level development of Customs Service is the use of advance information in its operation. Advance declaring and advance transmission of information are the basis for implementation of Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade. The Customs bodies of Transdnistrian Republic have already taken the steps towards the practicable realization of this WCO principle. Systematic work in this direction is continued, including due to the introduction of advanced information technologies.

In 2008, the final year of realization of The Program of development of Customs bodies of Transdnistrian Republic, information technologies were introduced in operation of Customs bodies of Transdnistrian Republic in accordance with the following directions:

  • enhancing the efficiency of customs clearance of cargoes and their crossing the frontier check points;
  • reducing the influence of the human subjective element when making decisions on customs clearance and cargo control;
  • improving the quality of customs servicing of the participants in international trade.

The realization of these directions has begun some years ago by means of introduction of automated information system of customs clearance – AISC of the Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic. Recently the software system “AISC” used in the department of customs clearance for reception and examination of economic agent’s declarations underwent a number of changes and innovations and reached a new level of speed and effectiveness.

Step-by-step introduction of information technologies allowed to Customs Services of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic solving the problems concerned with automation of the processes of customs activity that provided the carrying out analytic work in the field of foreign – economic activity regulation.

The up-to-date information-technical infrastructure of The State Customs Committee of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic includes:

  • the single automated information system;
  • departmental integrated telecommunication network;
  • hardware for customs control and security;
  • information security system of Customs bodies.

Automation of customs technologies and efficient management of customs activity allowed deciding the complex problems concerned with collecting, processing, storing and analyzing the operative information about the state of customs clearance and customs control; with law-enforcement work; with planning the activity of Customs bodies and communicating information to structural divisions in the automated mode.

It is necessary to underline, that in the context of the chosen strategy The State Customs Committee of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic has intensified its work in application of modern means of customs control as well as software products for customs purposes.

The information constituent of Customs work was intensified by using:

  • special vision systems for customs control;
  • hardware-software complex “Potok”, which allows to exercise on-line control over vehicle movement across the customs border of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic;
  • automated information system of customs clearance AISC of The State Customs Committee of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic;
  • automated registration system of the violations of customs rules for the purposes of complex analysis of the facts of violations of customs rules, smuggling, risk profiles formation;
  • information programs that provide the remote control over the process of customs clearance for the participants in international trade, the processes of examination and registration of external contracts in customs offices of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic.

Within the framework of implementation of the three-year program the innovations were done in the field of organization of customs system in 2008. Thanks to the systematic work on the perfection of customs procedures, forms and techniques of customs clearance and customs control of goods, which are moved across the customs border of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic, the experts of The State Customs Committee of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic:

  • developed the new schemes of customs control of goods, providing the documentary control of declared goods and vehicles by one inspector under the rigid time restriction for carrying out a single operation;
  • introduced the new program module “the registration of foreign trade agreements” that allows registration of external contracts in customs offices, in the area of which the economic agent is accredited. Thanks to this module the charges for delivery of external contracts were essentially minimized for participants in international trade as well as the registration term of foreign trade agreements was reduced from 10 days till 24 hours;
  • reduced substantially the list of the goods in respect of which customs value has to be declared by filling a declaration of customs value;
  • reduced the quantity of goods declaration copies, lodged in customs offices when declaring goods (from 4 copies for imported goods and 5 copies for exported goods to 2 and 3 goods declaration copies at the import and export respectively);
  • introduced successfully the information system to cut down financial expenses and time consumption of economical agents; it allows to the declarants to make the remote control over the goods declarations, to control on-line current condition of the personal account, the state of customs clearance of goods declarations and terms of their presenting. At the same time, thanks to the information system “Konus”, that has been developed by the experts of The State Customs Committee of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic, administrations of the enterprises are able to control declarant’s work.

It is significant that the year 2008 has become the turning point in consolidation of cooperation with the participants in international trade. The Public Advisory Council for implementation of customs policy was set up under the auspices of The State Customs Committee of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic. Its mission is to promote the development and the implementation of customs policy of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic on the basis of structural interaction of Customs and business of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic with a view to ensuring the protection of economic interests of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic, making the optimum conditions for private sector, improving the structure of export-import transactions, attracting foreign investments. Due to The Public Advisory Council activity the process of seeking the structural solutions of the issues that are of the mutual interest both for the participants in international trade and Customs bodies became more active; as a result it will serve to the development of foreign commerce and production in Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic.

Within the framework of the Council the meetings were held with the directors of the enterprises as well as with the chiefs of the structural divisions which have the competence on the issues of customs control and interaction with customs bodies.

The further development of customs infrastructure has become the main part of the implementation of The Program of development of Customs bodies of Transdnistrian Republic; the reconstruction of customs objects was carried out taking into account the international requirements.

International Customs Day is the occasion to recollect the main milestones of customs cooperation, which was fulfilled by Customs bodies of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic last year.

In the framework of The Agreement of the working meeting of The Vice-Chairman of the Government of Russian Federation Zhukov A.D. and The President of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic Smirnov I.V. (23.05.2006) the consolidation of cooperation of The State Customs Committee of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic with Federal Customs Service was continued in 2008. This was realized including by means of organization of trainings for Transdnistrian customs officers – the citizens of Russian Federation – in structural divisions of Federal Customs Service of Russian Federation as well as vocational training and raising the level of their professional skills on the base of The Russian Customs Academy. The students from Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic, including the employees of The State Customs Committee of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic, are the full and part-time students and post-graduate students of this educational establishment. It is necessary to note that the education in The Russian Customs Academy, one of the leading institutes of higher education of Russian Federation, has become the significant factor of raising the level of Transdnistrian customs officers’ professional skills.

Thanks to the successful realization of The Program of development of Customs bodies of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic the reliable base was laid for the further development and reforming of Customs Service of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic. The guiding lines of the State Customs Committee work for the near future are:

  • simplification of customs procedures with providing the effective customs control at the same time;
  • protection of the domestic market, domestic commodity producers and domestic consumer due to the enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of counteraction against smuggling and violations of customs rules;
  • as much as possible fast implementation of customs clearance of goods and vehicles that are moved across the customs border of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic;
  • enhancement of the capacity of customs check points;
  • expanded implementation of modern information technologies and customs hardware for customs control and customs clearance, the achievement of the qualitatively new level of informatization of customs bodies.

The realization of all these directions will allow to Customs Service of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic taking significant steps towards the introduction of the WCO Framework of Standards in its operation as well as towards harmonization the legislation of Transdnistrian Moldavian Republic with the legislation of The Russian Federation pertaining to the customs system. Let’s remind that Russian Federation is the active member of WCO, which forms the nationl customs legislation in conformity with international standards.

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