aspirant of the Russian Customs Academy of Federal customs service of Russia.
Summurizing the aforesaid, it is necessary to emphasize the following points:
- in 1999 the Republic of Moldova separated the customs territory of Transdniestria from the customs territory of the Republic of Moldova having established the line of customs and fiscal control along the border with Transdniestria;
- Moldavian side set up the posts along the border with Transdniestria with the status corresponded to border and customs checkpoints of the Republic of Moldova at the external borders of Moldova;
- all goods, vehicles and natural persons, crossing the Transdniestria-Moldavian border were subject to customs and border control performed by authorized bodies of the Republic of Moldova;
- Moldavian customs officers at the posts along the perimeter of Transdniestrian border started to perform customs clearance and customs control over Transdniestrian cargoes (exported) and collected VAT and excise duties on these cargoes;
- Transdniestrian cargoes were regarded by Moldavian side as foreign ones, thus, because of payment VAT and excise duties they became noncompetitive in Moldavian market;
- following the establishment of customs and fiscal posts along the whole Transdniestrian border, groundless accusations against Transdniestria of uncontrolled situation at the border and smuggling were declined.
Transdniestrian and Ukrainian sides elaborated a set of proposals concerning the following matters:
- mutual recognition of customs stamps and customs seals used by Transdniestrian and Ukrainian Customs Services;
- mutual information exchange on means of customs identification that went out of use in order to eliminate movement of goods accompanied by false documents;
- elaboration and introduction of mechanism for operational cooperation between departments on struggle against smuggling and customs offences when revealing facts of illicit movement of goods across the customs border;
- joint elaboration and implementation of actions on tracing cargoes in transit through Ukraine destined to CIS countries and Baltic States from Transdniestria (including data comparison from register books at border crossing points) in order to eliminate the use by economic operators forged documents;
- organization of joint customs control to prevent waterway smuggling of goods at Transdniestrian-Ukraininan border;
- experience and information exchange on customs-related issues at the level of the State Customs Committee of Transdniestrian Moldavian Republic and the State Customs Service of Ukraine and at the level of customs houses.
In view of the objective circumstances listed above, two documents were adopted:
- the first was the Protocol on Results of Visit to Industrial Enterprices of Transdniestria by Joint Experts Group fromUkraine and the Russian Federation of 09.02.2006. The document said, the experts got acquainted with production organization in a number of enterprices of Tiraspol and Rybnitsa for the purpose to find out possible production of weapon and military equipment, and established that the signs of weapon and military equipment production had not been revealed. Available manufacturing equipment and technologies have been using for production of civil goods;
- the second one was EUBAM Annual Report 2005/2006. The European customs experts noted that on the basis of available information, EUBAM could not confirm the existence of significant weapons trafficking. While drug smuggling route passing through Northern Moldova continued to turn up a steady flow of drugs (the Northern part of Moldavian-Ukrainian border doesn’t adjoin the Transdniestrian region).